Laura Viñas Caron
Laura Viñas received her BA in Archaeology and MSc in Biological Anthropology from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. After that, she did an ERASMUS research internship at the BioArCh research laboratory at the University of York, where she had the opportunity to learn new scientific methods. In particular, her investigation explored Chalcolithic and Bronze Age subsistence strategies in the Iberian Peninsula through peptide mass fingerprinting (ZooMS) and stable isotope analysis of human, faunal, and botanical remains, providing new evidences for the adoption of millet in the Iberian Peninsula.
At the Laboratory of Archaeozoology, Barcelona, she continued applying isotopic analyses, in collaboration with the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (ICTA), to evaluate the degree of human interference on the diet of the first domestic animals and the diversity of early animal management strategies during the Neolithic transition.
Since then, she has developed a particular interest in the application of biomolecular methods to understand past animal populations and their relationship with human societies, and how we can use these data to address current conservation challenges. As part of the Beasts to Craft and ArcHives project, she is now conducting a PhD at the Globe Institute, University of Copenhagen, as a TALENT fellow (MSCA-COFUND).
Parchment manuscripts as a biomolecular archive: a novel approach for understanding the origin of Spanish Merino
Wool industry is one of the most important worldwide, the majority of which is merino wool. Coveted for its fineness and strength, merino wool has been a high valued commodity since its development in medieval Spain. But, despite its importance in historic and contemporary global trade, the origin and history of the Merino breed is frustratingly vague. With limited historic textile evidence to analyse, a new avenue of study has emerged through the analysis of parchment. Parchment manuscripts (often well dated and located) contain biological information about the animals from which the parchment was derived.
The purpose of PRiSM is to explore how the DNA and proteins trapped in parchment manuscripts can inform about animal husbandry practices, in combination with animal remains, and apply this novel approach to understand the story of the emergence and evolution of the Spanish Merino. The project will apply genomic and proteomic analysis to parchment manuscripts and sheep remains to explore biological diversity and identify genetic Merino markers. In addition, we will analyse the follicles patterns observed in the parchment to directly link the genetic evidence with wool production.